Green hydrogen deployment, the fuel of the future
This novel source of hydrogen generation, which aspires to become the fuel of the future, is beginning the journey that will make it a cornerstone of the energy transition.
The world’s economies have begun a race towards climate neutrality. For this it will be very important, as we have already indicated in previous posts, to achieve the implementation of a zero-emission economy. The proof in Spain: the approval of the Climate Change and Energy Transition Law.
Decarbonization, therefore, is a priority. And to reach a point where there are no emissions of polluting gases, we have a great ally: green hydrogen. Much has been said about this new energy source, but the question we must ask ourselves today is whether it is a viable alternative and whether it really is the fuel of the future.
We have already made it clear that its characteristics make it a great alternative for long-term energy storage. Moreover, it can solve challenges where no other energy source is feasible.
All studies seem to point to the fact that it will be later this decade before green hydrogen starts to become a reality. This delay is mainly due to two major impediments: its dependence on other energy sources, which must also be renewable, and its high transportation costs.
However, one of the first milestones for the necessary implementation of this energy has already been reached. The government has given a major boost to green hydrogen with the approval of a roadmap.
This roadmap places it as a key element to achieve a 100% renewable electricity system and foresees that it will make it possible to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 4.6 million tons of CO2 equivalent.
In addition, it anticipates 100 to 150 public hydrogenerators, between 5,000 and 7,500 vehicles for freight transport and between 100 and 150 FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle) buses, two lines of commercial trains powered by H₂, or 25% of hydrogen consumption in industry by 2030.
On the other hand, it is emphasized that Spain has the capacity to create a country project around green hydrogen, which boosts industry, technological innovation and job creation, as the energy source of the future. In fact, recent studies affirm that Spain, only surpassed by Norway, is the European country with more progress in this transition.
Outside the European Union, countries such as Japan have adopted a similar line, prioritizing this energy source as the basis for the redirection of their economy. Even the Olympic Games in Tokyo 2020, had a fleet of vehicles completely of this type and used this energy source in all its boilers and many of its facilities.
There is still some way to go. However, steps are being taken and green hydrogen is proving to be a very important part of achieving sustainable development goals. And yes, it has the potential to be the fuel of the future!